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Thursday, 15 March 2018

Stephen Hawking: the journey of a great scientist (awards ,achievements,cause of death,family,and warning)

  anand kumar       Thursday, 15 March 2018
Great physicist Stephen Hawking
Great physicist Stephen Hawking

Great physicist Stephen Hawking is no longer in this world. He died on Wednesday (March 14th) today. He was 76 years old. His family confirmed the death of the family. His children Lucy, Robert and Tim released an official statement about this. Said, "We are very sad because of our father.

Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England. He and his younger siblings grew up in St. Alban. Except for his brain, the rest of the body did not work. He used to sit on the wheelchair But still in the world of science he succeeded in creating his own identity. After Albert Einstein, Hawking became the world's greatest theoretical physicist.

He did not feel much in his schooling. The most of Hawking's time in St. Alban School was accompanied by board games and computers. But he went on to become a well-known Oxford University, from which his father had also studied. Hawking took admission here at the age of 17.Prior to choosing the path of physics, his mind was to study in mathematics or medicine field. However, he used to lecture less in college. He had said, "I have spent just one thousand hours studying in three years spent in Offsford."

The most interesting thing is that even after taking less classes and not being able to become a bookworm, his mind was sharp. When Hawking deposited his thesis in college, which was placed in the grade between the first class and the secondary class. In such a situation, he had to undergo an oral examination. Then he told the teachers, "If you give me the first grade, then I will go to the cabrize. If kept in the secondary category, then I will stay here. In this case, I expect you to be the first class. "


In a statement, Hawking’s three children—Lucy, Robert and Tim—described their father as “a great scientist and an extraordinary man whose work and legacy will live on for many years.

“His courage and persistence with his brilliance and humor inspired people across the world. He once said, ‘It would not be much of a universe if it wasn’t home to the people you love.’ We will miss him forever,” they wrote.
Diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)—also known as Lou Gehrig’s Disease—at the age of 21, doctors expected Hawking to live for only two years. Although he defied expectations by living for a further five decades, he spent most of his life in a wheelchair and later had to communicate through a voice synthesizer operated by moving his eyebrows.

Stephen Hawking warned, said - in 600 years the earth will turn into a fire balloon :
British physicist Stephen Hawking has warned that with the increasing population of humankind and the consumption of large scale energy, the earth will be converted into a fire balloon for less than 600 years or 2600 years.
He said that if human species is to ensure existence for some more million years then humans will have to go there (some other planet), where no one else has yet gone. Through a video in Tensent WE Summit in Beijing, he said, "Our population is going to be transformed into a fireball due to the increasing population of human species and the untimely use of energy."

Hawking appealed to the scientists to find out a star outside the solar system where planetary orbits are worth living for humans. During this, he pointed to a star called Elfa Centauri, which is worth living in our solar system and four billion light years away.

He said that scientists should work for an aircraft which can fly at the speed of light. He said, 'A system developed that can reach Mars up to one hour, one day to Pluto, one week to nearby Voyager and Elfa Centauri in less than 20 years.

films on Stephen Hawking:

So many films have become Stephen's life, his theory and books. But there was a film on 'The Theory of Everything' written by him. The author of the book was Stephen himself. The film's name was also 'The theory of everything'. Hollywood film director James Marsh made a film on this book. Every aspect of Stephen's life in the film was shown very beautifully. The film was released on September 7, 2014 at the Toronto International Film Festival.

While in the United Kingdom the film was released on January 1, 2015. Directed by director James Marsh, the film received 5 nominations in the 87th Academy Awards.

Stephen said that there is no such thing as a disability. In 1963, at the age of 21, Stephen suffered from a disease called Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Because of which most of their organs have stopped working slowly. He could not even speak. When Stephen discovered the disease at that time, he became very unhappy. In the film, Eddie Redman showed closely every moment of the storm that came in Stephen's life.

Great scientist Stephen Hawking has died at the age of 76. Hawking's contribution to space sciences is very significant. He contributed significantly to understanding the origins of the Earth and the black hole and Big Bang theory. He had 12 honorary degrees, but what he has even above these degrees is the respect of the world. Today the world sees them with respect. There was a lot of things in Hawking's life, which people still look at in the eyes of curiosity.

Hawking said that in such a large universe, if you think that there is only life on earth then you can be wrong. However, no other planet or any galaxy of remote space has found evidence of life. But the talk of Hawking can not be sidelined either. They also had to say that the long future of humankind should be in space. He said that even if human survival for the next 200 years and learned to live in space, then our future will be bright.

Galileo and Hawking:

Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England. It would be an amazing coincidence that the great spaceologist Galileo died on January 8, 1642, exactly 300 years ago. While Galileo died at the age of 77, Hawking said goodbye to the world at 76 years of age. Not only this, the Galileo Luciaian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University, Hawking was also appointed at the same Cambridge University. Sir Isaac Newton, the great mathematician, has also lived in this position.

When Jaguar's advertisement appeared in Hawking:
In the year 2016, Hawking appeared in the Jaguar brand of a car brand TV commercial. Apart from this, Stephen Hawking remained in the TV series and films. He worked in 'Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987)'. In this he played the role of himself. Hawking also worked in 1989's 'The Simpsons Series'. In 1999 he also worked in 'Futurma' and 'The Big Bang Theory' in 2007.

Film on Hawking:

In the year 2014 on Hawking's life, the film was called The Theory of Everything. The Eddie Redman played the character of Hawking in the film, his birthday comes two days after Hawking i.e., on January 6. When Redman told this point, saying that the amount of both of us is Capricorn, Hawking replied - I am an astronomer, not astrologist.

Were lazy hocking:

Hawking believed that he was some lazy in his youth. He found that during his four years at Oxford, he worked only 1000 hours. In this way, they worked only for one and a half hours every day. Because of this, he had to be a victim of the anger of his teachers too.But after four years, Dean was unable to guess by seeing the quality of his work that he was entitled to first class degree or second class degree. Hawking says the first class degree meant that he would go to Cambridge University and after completing second class degree he had to complete his graduate work in Oxford. Dean gave them first class degree.

Cambridge University website halted from Hawking's PhD thesis:

Hawking said, 'The aim of making this available is to motivate people. Free access to anyone, anywhere, without any obstacle, only my research, but every great and inquisitive man.
Because of the PhD thesis of famous physicist Stephen Hawking, the University of Cambridge University stalled for a while. At the age of 24, the thesis 'Properties of Expanding Universe', written by Hawking, was done online on University website on Monday-Tuesday night at 12 o'clock in the evening. So far, about 60 thousand people have seen it.
Hawking said, 'The aim of making this available is to motivate people. The work of every great and inquisitive man should be available not only for the free of any obstacle anywhere, but also for my research. He expressed his happiness that a large number of people showed interest in their thesis.

He said that people do not need to be disappointed now because it has become public now. In order to get the thesis of a 75-year-old scientist, the University of Cambridge received 199 submissions from May 2016, mostly among the common people. Until 134 pages of thesis became online, people had to pay 65 pounds (about Rs 5500) to Cambridge University to read it.

Let's say that no part of his body works except Stephen Hawking's brain. In spite of this, Hawking managed to create a different identity in the world of science. Stephen Hawking explained the world as the black hole and the Big Bang theory. Given his unprecedented work in the field of science, he has also got the honor of the highest civilian.

Big bang theory

Stephen Hawking presented the basic principles about the universe two times. For the first time, he theoretically proved that if Albert Einstein's theory of relativity is correct, then the universe was born 15 billion years ago as the 'Big Bang'.

Stephen Hawking Changed his Big bang theory

Tribute: the truth of the life of Stephen Hawking, telling the mysteries of the universe 'the universe'

Stephen William Hawking surprised the world repeatedly with his many research. He was so fortunate that after deceiving doctors two years of life, he deceived his death many times.

Stephen was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England. From early childhood, Stephen thought that he wanted to become a space scientist.

At the age of 21, Hawking's impression started falling into the university. There were hundreds of dreams in his eyes. But one day when the holidays were at home and the stairs were coming down, they realized the unconsciousness and they fell down.

Doctors indicated a serious illness. Motor neuron is diagnosed with a serious and incurable disease in which the body gets paralyzed and all organ gradually stops working. His age was told only two years ... but by overcoming death, Hawking survived more than 50 years of life.

Hawking also made a film in Hollywood, for which he had said that the film centered on science would hope to live in the hearts of physically challenged people.

Hawking was concerned on his research on science. He had said that I have played an important role in understanding the universe. He was very happy when the crowd of people wanted to know him and his work.

He had said that I have become a great scientist because of my illness. Because of my inefficiency, I found work to think about the research done on the universe.

My study proved that there is no disability in the world. I consider the brain to be a computer that stops working due to its different parts being unsuccessful.

Hawking wanted to make a time machine:

Hawking wanted to make a time machine. He once said that if he had a time machine he would go to meet Marilyn Monroe, considered to be Hollywood's most beautiful actress.
In 1974, Stephen Hawking told the world about his most important black hole theory. He told that due to Black Hole Quantum effects the heat is spread. Five years later he became a professor of mathematics at Cambridge University. This was the same post which was once appointed by great scientist Elbert Einstein.

Stephen Hawking's book "A Brief History of Time", published in 1998, spawned the whole world. In this book, he told the difficult subjects of cosmology such as 'Big Bang Theory' and 'Black Hole' in such a simple way that even a simple reader can understand it easily.

More than a million copies of this book were sold out hands and hands. This is the same book in which he rejected God's existence.
However, after some years of introducing the Big Bang theory, they turned it over and proved that the universe is neither et al. Nor the end. The universe is a self-contained substance, and like the surface of the earth, neither is it any side nor boundary. In view of this, he told Einstein the need for a change in the theory of relativity.

Achievements of stephen hawking: (Einstein's awards and honors)

In 1922, Albert Einstein was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics,[1] "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect". This refers to his 1905 paper on the photoelectric effect, "On a Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light", which was well supported by the experimental evidence by that time. The presentation speech began by mentioning "his theory of relativity [which had] been the subject of lively debate in philosophical circles [and] also has astrophysical implications which are being rigorously examined at the present time". (Einstein 1923)
It was long reported that, in accord with the divorce settlement, the Nobel Prize money had been deposited in a Swiss bank account for his wife Mileva Marić to draw on the interest for herself and their two sons, while she could only use the capital by agreement with Einstein. However, personal correspondence made public in 2006 shows that he invested much of it in the United States, and saw much of it wiped out in the Great Depression. Ultimately, however, he paid Marić more money than he received with the prize.

In 1925 the Royal Society awarded Einstein the Copley Medal.

In 1929, Max Planck presented Einstein with the Max Planck medal of the German Physical Society in Berlin, for extraordinary achievements in theoretical physics.

In 1931, he received the Prix Jules Janssen, In 1934 Einstein gave the Josiah Willard Gibbs lecture.

In 1936, Einstein was awarded the Franklin Institute's Franklin Medal for his extensive work on relativity and the photo-electric effect.

The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics named 2005 the "World Year of Physics" in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the publication of the annus mirabilis papers.

The Albert Einstein College of Medicine is a research-intensive medical school located in the Morris Park neighborhood of the Bronx in New York City.

The Albert Einstein Science Park is located on the hill Telegrafenberg in Potsdam, Germany. The best known building in the park is the Einstein Tower which has a bronze bust of Einstein at the entrance. The Tower is an astrophysical observatory that was built to perform checks of Einstein's theory of General Relativity.

The Albert Einstein Memorial in central Washington, D.C. is a monumental bronze statue depicting Einstein seated with manuscript papers in hand. The statue, commissioned in 1979, is located in a grove of trees at the southwest corner of the grounds of the National Academy of Sciences on Constitution Avenue.

The chemical element 99, einsteinium, was named for him in August 1955, four months after Einstein's death. 2001 Einstein is an inner main belt asteroid discovered on 5 March 1973.

In 1999 Time magazine named him the Person of the Century, ahead of Mahatma Gandhi and Franklin Roosevelt, among others. In the words of a biographer, "to the scientifically literate and the public at large, Einstein is synonymous with genius". Also in 1999, an opinion poll of 100 leading physicists ranked Einstein the "greatest physicist ever". A Gallup poll recorded him as the fourth most admired person of the 20th century in the U.S.

In 1990, his name was added to the Walhalla temple for "laudable and distinguished Germans", which is located in Donaustauf in Bavaria.

The United States Postal Service honored Einstein with a Prominent Americans series (1965–1978) 8¢ postage stamp.
In 2008, Einstein was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame.

Awards named after Einstein:

The Albert Einstein Award (sometimes called the Albert Einstein Medal because it is accompanied with a gold medal) is an award in theoretical physics, established to recognize high achievement in the natural sciences. It was endowed by the Lewis and Rosa Strauss Memorial Fund in honor of Albert Einstein's 70th birthday. It was first awarded in 1951 and included a prize money of $15,000, which was later reduced to $5,000. The winner is selected by a committee (the first of which consisted of Einstein, Oppenheimer, von Neumann and Weyl of the Institute for Advanced Study, which administers the award.

The Albert Einstein Medal is an award presented by the Albert Einstein Society in Bern, Switzerland. First given in 1979, the award is presented to people who have "rendered outstanding services" in connection with Einstein.

The Albert Einstein Peace Prize is given yearly by the Chicago, Illinois-based Albert Einstein Peace Prize Foundation. Winners of the prize receive $50,000


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